The species is native to Southeast Asia in a wide geographic range (Thailand, Sumatra, Borneo, the Malay Peninsula, Java, Vietnam, eastern India). Croaking gouramis inhabit in slow streams, ponds, rice fields, and forests. In general, gouramis occur in low oxygen, plant-choked, low mineral content, tea-colored black-water areas. Furthermore, the water has a high amount of tannin due to the decomposition of leaves and wood. As a result of the human expansion, the original habitat of gouramis has altered and are found in pig farms and rice paddies (Colisa sp.), etc. In addition to the degradation of gouramis’ habitat, many species are in danger of extinction.
Generally, gouramis have a long, flattened body with extended and filamentous ventral fins that are used as tactile organs to obtain physical information about objects. Furthermore, gouramis can use ventral fins for orientation in dark, muddy water habitats.
It’s best to keep the species in a pair or groups in an only-species tank. Though the species has a shy and
Croaking gouramis should be kept in soft acidic water. A pH between 6.0-7.0, with a temperature between 25-28 Celsius, and hardness 50mg/l, suits the species.
An aquarium with 60 liters (15.8 gallons) of water is suitable for a pair of 2-3 gouramis. Plants are necessary as they provide shelter for stressed fish and their offspring, especially floating plants. Furthermore, the surface air should have a similar temperature of the water for the prevention of losses. Cover the aquarium to maintain a similar temperature above and under the water.
Croaking gouramis are omnivorous and can eat prepared food and small live-foods such as brine shrimp, white worms, bloodworms, etc. In nature, their diet consists of aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates.
- Gary Elson and Oliver Lucanus 2005, Gouramis and other Labyrinth fishes, Published by Barrons
- David Alderton 2005, 2008, Encyclopedia of aquarium and pond fish, Published in the United States by DK Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7566-3678-4
- A. O. Kasumyan, E. S. Mikhailova, and E. A. Marusov 2013, Role of Tactile Sense and Other Sensory Systems in Control of Feeding Behavior in Gourami of the Genus Trichopodus. Retrieved from https://istina.msu.ru/media/publications/article/6d5/24c/6023586/kasumyan_et_al_2014.pdf
- Trichopsis Vittata. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=553301#null
- Trichopsis Vittata. Retrieved from https://www.seriouslyfish.com/species/trichopsis-vittata/
How useful was this post?
Click on a star to rate it!
Average rating / 5. Vote count: