Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae (Red-eye tetra)

Taxonomy: Moenkhausia sanctaefilomenae or the Red-eye tetra belongs to the Characidae family and Characiformes order. The species may also be known as Tetragonopterus sanctaefilomenae. Other common names of the species are Lamp-eye tetra and yellow-banded Moenkhausia. The Moencausia genus consists of about 50 species or more that have many similarities with some of them difficult…

Hyphessobrycon eques (serpae tetra)

Taxonomy: Hyphessobrycon eques or the Serpae tetra belongs to the Characidae family and Characiformes order. The species may also be known as Hyphessobrycon serpae and Hyphessobrycon callistus. Other common names of the species are the jewel, red minor, Blood, and Callistus tetra. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America (Amazon drainage and Rio Paraguay…

Hemigrammus erythrozonus (Glow-light tetra)

Taxonomy: Hemigrammus erythrozonus which is also known as the Glow-light tetra belongs to the Characidae family and Characiformes order. The species may also be known as Hyphessobrycon gracilis. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America (Guiana). The Glow-light tetra occurs in flooded forests and tributaries of the Essequibo river. The water conditions are low…

Paracheirodon innesi (neon tetra)

Taxonomy: Paracheirodon innesi which is also known as the Neon tetra belongs to the Characidae family and Characiformes order. The species may also be known as Hyphessobrycon innesi. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America ( upper basin of Peru, Brazil, and Colombia). The Neon tetra occurs in clear water streams and tributaries as…

Macrotocinclus flexilis (peppered Oto)

Taxonomy: Macrotocinclus flexilis which is also known as the peppered Oto belongs to the Hypoptopomatinae subfamily, Loricariidae family and Siluriformes order. The species may also be known as Ototinclus flexilis, Otocinclus fimbriatus, and Otocinclus arnoldi. The species was reclassified from otocinclus to macrotocinclus by Isbrucker and Seidel. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America…

Corydoras pygmaeus (pygmy cory)

Taxonomy: Corydoras pygmaeus which is most known as the pygmy cory belongs to the Corydoradinae subfamily, Callichthyidae family, and Siluriformes order. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America (Rio Madeira in Brazil). In general, corydoras occur mostly in shallow, clean or muddy pools, in margins of ponds and streams covered with plants, stagnant waters…

Corydoras panda

Taxonomy: Corydoras panda belongs to the Corydoradinae subfamily, Callichthyidae family, and Siluriformes order. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native of South America (restricted to the Ucayali river in Peru). This habitat has few or no real aquatic plants, but floating and marginal plants are common. In general, Corydoras panda occurs in shallow, clean or muddy pools,…

Corydoras paleatus (peppered cory)

Taxonomy: Corydoras paleatus which is most known as the peppered corydoras or pepper cory belongs to the Corydoradinae subfamily, Callichthyidae family, and Siluriformes order. The species were also known as Corydoras marmoratus and Callichthys paleatus. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America (Southeast parts of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay). Corydoras paleatus occur in coastal…

Corydoras aeneus (Bronze corydoras)

Taxonomy: Corydoras aeneus which is most known as the bronze corydoras belongs to the Corydoradinae subfamily, Callichthyidae family, and Siluriformes order. Another common name of the species is the green corydoras. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America (Venezuela, Trinidad, and Argentina). In general, Bronze corydoras occur mostly in shallow, clean or muddy pools,…

Betta splendens (Siamese fighting fish)

Taxonomy: Betta splendens which is most known as the Siamese fighting fish belongs to the Osphronemidae family and Anabantoidei suborder. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to Southeast Asia (Thailand). Betta splendens like his relative’s the gouramis inhabit in slow streams, ponds, rice fields, rivers. In general, the species occur in low oxygen, plant-choked, low mineral…