Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus (Vermiculated Sailfin Catfish)

Taxonomy: This rarely seen species in the Aquarium trade is also known as the Vermiculated sailfin pleco that belongs to the Hypostominae subfamily of the Loricariidae family of the Siluriformes order. Furthermore, the species was described first as Liposarcus disjunctivus. Distribution-Habitat: Pterygoplichthys disjunctivus is native of South America’s Rio Madeira river (Brazil). In general, Pterygoplichthys…

Pterygoplichthys scrophus (Rhinocerus sailfin pleco)

Taxonomy: Pterygoplichthys scrophus or Rhinocerus sailfin pleco belongs to the Hypostominae subfamily of the Loricariidae family of the Siluriformes order. The species may also be known as Gluptoperichthys scrophus and Liposarcus scrophus (former scientific names). Furthermore, P. scrophus is less famous in the aquarium trade from other species of the genera Pterigoplichthys. Distribution-Habitat: Pterygoplichthys scrophus…

Pterygoplichthys joselimaianus (Gold spot pleco)

Taxonomy: Pterygoplichthys joselimaianus or gold spot pleco is one of the pleco species that sold as common pleco in the aquarium industry, despite that the original common pleco is Hypostomus plecostomus. The gold spot pleco belongs to the Hypostominae subfamily of the Loricariidae family of the Siluriformes order. Furthermore, P. joselimaianus may also be known…

Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Amazon sailfin pleco)

Taxonomy: Pterygoplichthys pardalis which is also known as the Amazon sailfin pleco belongs to the Hypostominae subfamily of the Loricariidae family of the Siluriformes order. Other common names of the species are L021, L023, Albino pleco, chocolate pleco, and janitor fish. Synonyms: Hypostomus pardalis Liposarcus jeanesianus Liposarcus pardalis Liposarcus varius Distribution-Habitat: Pterygoplichthys pardalis is native…

Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps (Leopard pleco)

Taxonomy: Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps which is also known as the Sailfin or Leopard pleco belongs to the Hypostominae subfamily of the Loricariidae family of the Siluriformes order. Other common names of the species are L083, L165, and Gibby. Synonyms: Ancistrus Gibbiceps Liposarcus altipinnis Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps Distribution-Habitat: Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps is native of South America (Venezuela, Brazil, Peru,…

Ancistrus dolichopterus ( Starlight bristlenose pleco)

Taxonomy: Ancistrus dolichopterus belong to the Ancistrinae subfamily, Loricariidae family and the Siluriformes order and is known as L183, Starlight Bristlenose/Bushymouth catfish, Bluchin xenocara, and Bushymouth catfish. Synonyms: Xenocara dolichoptera Hypostoma punctatum Description: In general, the Ancistrus genus consists of about 70 species which many of them share anatomical similarities except the patterns and the…

Hypostomus plecostomus (common pleco)

Taxonomy: The Hypostomus plecostomus is one of the most common pleco species in the aquarium industry. However, The scientific name of the species often applies incorrectly to other species in the aquarium trade and sometimes even in official documents due to : the wide distribution of Hypostomus plecostomus the species-richness of the genus Hypostomus with…

Ancistrus cf cirrhosus (Bristlenose pleco)

Taxonomy: The Bristlenose pleco is the most common algae eater, as well as, the most common Ancistrus species in the aquarium industry. This well-known catfish belongs to the Loricariidae family and the Siluriformes order and is known as the: Jumbie teta, 2. Sp3, Bushynose pleco 4. common Brushmouth pleco. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native of…

Macrotocinclus flexilis (peppered Oto)

Taxonomy: Macrotocinclus flexilis which is also known as the peppered Oto belongs to the Hypoptopomatinae subfamily, Loricariidae family and Siluriformes order. The species may also be known as Ototinclus flexilis, Otocinclus fimbriatus, and Otocinclus arnoldi. The species was reclassified from otocinclus to macrotocinclus by Isbrucker and Seidel. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America…

Corydoras pygmaeus (pygmy cory)

Taxonomy: Corydoras pygmaeus which is most known as the pygmy cory belongs to the Corydoradinae subfamily, Callichthyidae family, and Siluriformes order. Distribution-Habitat: The species is native to South America (Rio Madeira in Brazil). In general, corydoras occur mostly in shallow, clean or muddy pools, in margins of ponds and streams covered with plants, stagnant waters…